I have heard people use Acts 7:59 as an example of prayer directed to Jesus. Is it biblical to pray to Jesus?
It has been interesting to observe that Acts 7:59 is the one and only passage people ever use to try to teach that it is permissible to also pray to the Son, although it is obvious from actual instructions in Scripture and the actual examples of prayer in Scripture, prayers are always addressed to the Father. Acts 7:59 is not a valid passage to use since Stephen is not praying to the unseen God but is actually responding to a vision he is seeing. Verses 55-56 clearly tell us that he was seeing a vision of Jesus standing at the right hand of God the Father. Stephen is talking to the One he sees in the vision and making a request of the One he sees; so, it is not a prayer in any true sense of the term. For example, when people saw visions of angels, and the visionary made a request of the angel he saw, that did not mean he was praying to the angel because that was a forbidden thing to do. So making a request of the one he sees in a vision is not actually a prayer, any more than when Jesus was with His disciples and they made requests of Him were they actually praying. Acts 7:59 is no exception to the rule. On the other hand, it should be stated that it is not necessarily wrong to address a prayer to either the Son or the Holy Spirit. But it should be observed that it was not the biblical model.