I’ve been told that Revelation 14: 1-5 is depicting a heavenly scene but am having difficulty seeing the passage in that way. Can you clarify this passage for me?
To answer your question, I do not think Revelation 14:1-5 is describing a heavenly scene, but rather is describing the millennial Mount Zion. I take it to be a millennial scene and it pictures the 144,000 Jews of chapter seven with the Messiah within the Messianic Kingdom. As to why there is a millennial scene at this junction in the Book of Revelation, the answer lies in its connection with the previous two chapters where Satan organized his attempt to destroy the Jews. The first verse of chapter fourteen opens up with the 144,000 Jews standing on Mount Zion with a protective seal on their foreheads prominently displayed. The sealing was done back in chapter seven and the sealing was done for two purposes: protection and service. These were sealed for service since they proclaimed the gospel in protection and, therefore, will be among those who will actually survive the Tribulation and will not be among those who are killed. So their standing on the millennial Mount Zion with the protective seal on their foreheads displayed shows that Satan’s attempt at total Jewish destruction will fail. Furthermore, he refers to them as first fruits, a term that always indicates the first of much more to come later. The very fact that 144,000 Jews are merely the first fruits shows that they are the first fruits of many more Jewish believers who will survive the Tribulation and come to saving faith.