MBS080 The Theology of Israel: A Study of Romans 9-11

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MBS080 HE THEOLOGY OF ISRAEL: A STUDY OF ROMANS 9, 10 AND 11

By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum

These three chapters of the Book of Romans are often skipped in many commentaries. These commentators do not take what God said about Israel too seriously and teach that the Church is the “new Israel.” They, therefore, do not feel that these chapters are important. Or is it, perhaps, that what Paul has to say here contradicts their theology? These commentaries provide a verse by verse, word by word commentary covering chapters 1–8, and then skip over to chapters 12–16, totally dropping chapters 9, 10, and 11. Other commentaries that do take chapters 9, 10, and 11 somewhat seriously and do comment upon them, will often refer to these three chapters as being merely “parenthetical,” not part of Paul’s main argument.

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MBS080 HE THEOLOGY OF ISRAEL: A STUDY OF ROMANS 9, 10 AND 11

By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

A. The Place of Chapters 9, 10, and 11 in the Book of Romans

1. God’s Righteousness in Relationship to Mankind—Romans 1–8

2. God’s Righteousness in Relationship to Israel—Romans 9–11

B. The Three Questions

C. The Exposition of Romans 3:1–2a

I. THE THEOLOGY OF ISRAEL’S REJECTION—ROMANS 9:1–29

A. Paul’s Sorrow and Israel’s Privileges—Romans 9:1–5

B. Israel’s Rejection in Light of Biblical History—Romans 9:6–13

1. The Two Israels—Romans 9:6

2. The Two Illustrations—Romans 9:7–13

C. Israel’s Rejection in Light of Biblical Principles—Romans 9:14–29

1. Is God Unrighteous? Romans 9:14–18

2. Why Does God Find Fault? Romans 9:19–29

D. Summary

II. THE EXPLANATION OF ISRAEL’S REJECTION—ROMANS 9:30–10:21

A. The Stumbling of the People—Romans 9:30–33

B. Israel’s Ignorance of the Channel of Salvation—Romans 10:1–11

1. Paul’s Personal Desire—Romans 10:1–2

2. The Distinction Between Legal Righteousness and Faith Righteousness—Romans 10:3–11

a. Legal Righteousness—Romans 10:3–5

b. Faith Righteousness—Romans 10:6–11

C. Israel’s Ignorance of the Universal Character of Salvation—Romans 10:12–13

D. Israel’s Ignorance of the Universal Preaching of the Gospel—Romans 10:14–21

III. THE CONSOLATION OF ISRAEL’S REJECTION—ROMANS 11:1–36

A. Israel’s Rejection is Not Total—Romans 11:1–10

B. Israel’s Rejection is Not Fina—Romans 11:11–32

1. The Purpose of Israel’s Stumbling—Romans 11:11–24

a. The Purpose of Gentile Salvation—Romans 11b–15

b. The Olive Tree—Romans 11:16–24

2. Israel’s Final Restoration—Romans 11:25–29

3. The Principle of the Calling out of the Gentiles—Romans 11:30–32

C. Paul’s Doxology—Romans 11:33–36

Brethren, my heart’s desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved.

Romans 10:1