MBS093 The Glorification of Man

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INTRODUCTION

The Bible teaches that God’s purpose for man is to bring him into a state of glorification. This manuscript will examine the glorification of man and in four facets: the resurrection of the human body, the nature of the resurrection body, the state of glorification, and the restoration of man’s authority.

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MBS093

THE GLORIFICATION OF MAN

By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. THE RESURRECTION OF THE HUMAN BODY

A. Old Testament Scriptures

B. New Testament Scriptures

II. THE NATURE OF THE RESURRECTION BODY

III. THE STATE OF GLORIFICATION

IV. THE RESTORATION OF MAN’S AUTHORITY

… and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Romans 8:30

INTRODUCTION

The Bible teaches that God’s purpose for man is to bring him into a state of glorification. This manuscript will examine the glorification of man and in four facets: the resurrection of the human body, the nature of the resurrection body, the state of glorification, and the restoration of man’s authority.

I. THE RESURRECTION OF THE HUMAN BODY

The first facet concerning the glorification of man has to do with the resurrection of the human body. Indeed, the clear teaching of both the Old and New Testaments is that the body, which is subject to death, is also destined to be resurrected.

A. Old Testament Scriptures

In the Old Testament, this is taught in Job 19:25–27: But as for me I know that my Redeemer lives, And at last he will stand up upon the earth: And after my skin, even this body, is destroyed, Then without my flesh shall I see God; Whom I, even I, shall see, on my side, And mine eyes shall behold, and not as a stranger. My heart is consumed within me.

Job definitely had faith that, after his death, he would have a resurrected body and still be able to see God.

Another passage that teaches the resurrection of the human body in the Old Testament is in Daniel 12:2: And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Daniel spoke of a resurrection of both righteous and unrighteous ones. The unrighteous ones are destined to a place of shame and everlasting contempt. However, the righteous ones have a different destiny that has to do with their future glorification.

A third place this truth is taught in the Old Testament is in Hosea 13:14: I will ransom them from the power of Sheol; I will redeem them from death: O death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your destruction? repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

B. New Testament Scriptures

In the New Testament, the resurrection of the human body is taught in John 5:26–29: For as the Father has life in himself, even so gave he to the Son also to have life in himself: and he gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man. Marvel not at this: for the hour comes, in which all that are in the tombs shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of judgment.

In this passage, Yeshua (Jesus) also spoke of resurrection, both for unrighteous ones and righteous ones. The unrighteous ones are destined for the resurrection of judgment, but the righteous ones are destined for the resurrection of life, and therefore their glorification.

Paul also taught the fact of the resurrection of the human body and that the abolition of death means resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15:22–26: For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the first-fruits; then they that are Christ’s, at his coming. Then comes the end, when he shall deliver up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have abolished all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished is death.

Paul taught of a resurrection that leads to immortality in verses 51–53: Behold, I tell you a mystery: We all shall not sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

Then as Paul continued his discussion, he quoted the passage in Hosea in verses 54–57: But when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting? The sting of death is sin; and the power of sin is the law: but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

All of these passages emphasize the first truth concerning the glorification of man: the resurrection of the human body.

II. THE NATURE OF THE RESURRECTION BODY

The second facet of the glorification of man concerns the nature of the resurrection body. Ten things concerning this facet can be pointed out.

The first thing concerning the nature of the resurrection body is discussed in 1 Corinthians 15:35–44; there will be a spiritual body. Paul used certain terms in a figurative way. In these verses, he used the figure of sowing grain; in this sense, to be sown means “to be buried.” In verses 51–53, he used the figure of sleeping; in this sense, sleep means “death.” He pointed out that the body that has been sown in burial and is sleeping in death will be resurrected. When the resurrection occurs, it means going from corruption to incorruption, from dishonor to glory, from weakness to power, from natural to spiritual.

The second thing concerning the nature of the resurrection body is that there will be a change in the body itself; it will not be merely a change of residency with a totally different body. It will not be a brand new, different body totally unrelated to the old body. It will be a new body in the sense that the old body will be renewed from corruption to incorruption, from dishonor to glory, from weakness to power, and from natural to spiritual. The change will be in the nature of the body itself. Only the Messiah suffered no bodily corruption. This was predicted of Him in Psalm 16:10 and fulfilled in Acts 2:25–31. Everyone else will suffer corruption upon death. For now, only the Messiah has immortality, according to 1 Timothy 6:16. Only the Messiah has immortality until the believer’s resurrection.

The third thing about the nature of the resurrected body is that it will be a living body; it will possess life (1 Cor. 15:50–58; 1 Thess. 4:15–17).

The fourth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be a faultless body, without fault or flaw (Jude 24).

The fifth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be without blemish (Eph. 5:27).

The sixth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be a body characterized by holiness (Col. 1:22).

The seventh thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be blameless; it will be free from any guilt or blame (1 Thess. 5:23).

The eighth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be a free body; it will no longer be subject to the limitations of sin and the sin-nature (Rom. 8:21).

The ninth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that will be conformed to the resurrected Messiah; it is going to be conformed to the image of the Son of God Himself (Rom. 8:29).

And the tenth thing about the nature of the resurrection body is that it will be like the resurrected body of the Messiah; not exactly like it in every detail, but it will have many similarities (1 Jn. 3:2).

III. THE STATE OF GLORIFICATION

The third facet of the glorification of man concerns the state of glorification itself. It is God’s will that man reach a state of glorification. This is taught by a number of Scriptures such as Romans 5:2: through whom also we have had our access by faith into this grace wherein we stand; and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

Believers have the grace to stand before the throne of God; but as they stand in this grace, they are also standing in the hope of being glorified in the future.

Later, Paul stated in Romans 8:30: and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Glorification is the final product of God’s destiny for those whom He has chosen. Those He foreordained, He then called; those whom He called, He also justified; those who now believe, have been justified; and those who have been justified are also destined to be glorified.

Another passage is found in Philippians 3:20–21: For our citizenship is in heaven; whence also we wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: who shall fashion anew the body of our humiliation, that it may be conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working whereby he is able even to subject all things unto himself.

Believers are destined to eventually have their bodies changed. The change will be from the present body, which Paul called the body of our humiliation, to the body of glory. It will share the glory of the resurrected body of the Messiah.

Paul also wrote in 1 Thessalonians 2:12: to the end that ye should walk worthily of God, who calls you into his own kingdom and glory.

Those who now believe are exhorted by Paul to walk consistently with their calling as believers or saints. Believers or saints are the ones who are destined for two things in the future: first, to enter the Messianic Kingdom; and, secondly, to enter into glory and to be glorified.

Later, in 2 Thessalonians 2:14 Paul wrote: whereunto he called you through our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Those who have accepted the gospel are destined to obtain the same type of glory that is now being enjoyed by Yeshua the Messiah Himself.

Paul wrote Timothy these words in 2 Timothy 2:10: Therefore I endure all things for the elect’s sake, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

The reason Paul was willing to suffer, not only as a servant of God, but also on behalf of other saints, is because he knew that those other saints were all destined to be glorified. Knowing this, he was willing to suffer to the extent that he did.

All of these have been examples from Paul’s writings, but he was not the only one who wrote concerning the glorification of man. For example, the writer of the Book of Hebrews wrote in Hebrews 2:10:

For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

The writer of the Book of Hebrews pointed out that the reason Yeshua became a man was so He might bring many other sons of men to a state of glory. Glory is the destiny of all believers or saints.

Another writer who spoke along these lines was Peter, who wrote in 1 Peter 5:10: And the God of all grace, who called you unto his eternal glory in Christ, after that ye have suffered a little while, shall himself perfect, establish, strengthen you.

Peter pointed out in this verse that, after their suffering on this earth is over, believers are going to enter into a state of eternal glory in the Messiah.

He spoke of this again in 2 Peter 1:3: seeing that his divine power has granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue.

Believers are to walk consistently in accordance with their calling as saints, because they are destined for this future glorification. The salvation process is not yet complete for the believer. He is totally saved in the sense that this glorification is certainly going to come to pass; but salvation contains a past aspect, a present aspect, and a future aspect. The past aspect of salvation is justification; the moment one accepts Jesus and believes, he is justified and declared righteous in the holy court of God. The present aspect of salvation is sanctification; the work of sanctification is the work of the Holy Spirit who is sanctifying or setting apart the believer, conforming him more and more into the image of the Son of God. The future aspect of salvation is glorification. The believer will be glorified and share in the glory of the resurrected the Messiah, initially upon death, and finally in the resurrection of the body.

IV. THE RESTORATION OF MAN’S AUTHORITY

The fourth facet that concerns the glorification of man is that man’s authority is going to be restored. This point is made by Hebrews 2:6–8: But one has somewhere testified, saying, What is man, that you are mindful of him? Or the son of man, that you visits him? You made him a little lower than the angels; You crowned him with glory and honor, And did set him over the works of your hands: You did put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he subjected all things unto him, he left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we see not yet all things subjected to him.

When God created Adam and Eve, He gave man dominion over the earth; man was given full authority over the earth. But when man fell to Satan’s temptations, Satan usurped the authority over the earth from man. Rightfully and legally, from the viewpoint of divine law, the right to rule the earth was given to man and he still has it; but Satan usurped it from man. That is why Satan is called the prince of this world (Jn. 12:31), and the god of this age (2 Cor. 4:4). One of the accomplishments of the Second Coming will be that the Ideal Man, the God-Man Yeshua the Messiah, will rule over this earth. Thus, dominion will be restored to man through the Ideal Man, the God-Man Yeshua the Messiah. When man once again gets to rule totally over this earth, something he has not been able to do since Adam’s fall, then his authority will indeed be restored. And that will accomplish the final facet of man’s glorification.

IF YOU ENJOYED THIS BIBLE STUDY, DR. FRUCHTENBAUM RECOMMENDS:

MBS085, 086, 088, 091, 187 and 188.