MBS106 The Local Church

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MBS106 The Local Church
By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum

While the universal church is defined as being comprised of all believers between Acts 2 and the Rapture and consists of
believers only, the local church has a different definition.
While there is no stated New Testament definition of a local church, there are enough descriptions and enough details in the Bible
concerning the normal features of a functioning local church for one to deduce a definition from all of the evidence at hand.
This study of the local church will be divided into eight sections: the definition, the purpose, church government, organization and
leadership, church discipline, the Sabbath and Sunday, the meeting of the church, and the role of women in the local church.

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MBS106 THE LOCAL CHURCH

By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. THE DEFINITION

II. THE PURPOSES OF THE LOCAL CHURCH

III. CHURCH GOVERNMENT

A. The National Church Form

B. The Hierarchial or Episcopalian Form

C. The Federal or Presbyterian Form

D. The Congregational Form

1. To Preserve Unity

2. To Maintain Purity of Doctrine and Practice

3. To Receive the Ordinances

4. To Elect Officers

5. To Exercise Discipline

6. To Establish Ranks of Leaders

7. Conclusion

E. The Biblical Form

IV. CHURCH ORGANIZATION AND LEADERSHIP

A. The Fact of Organization

B. Elders

1. The Nature of the Office

2. The Number of Elders

3. Types of Elders

4. The Duties of the Elder

5. The Traveling Elder

6. Qualifications

a. 1 Timothy 3:1–7

b. Titus 1:6–9

7. Ordination

8. Rewards

C. Deacons

1. The Nature of the Office

2. The Number of Deacons

3. The Duties of the Deacons

4. Qualifications

5. Ordination

6. Rewards

D. Deaconesses

E. The Responsibility of the Flock

1. 1 Corinthians 16:15–16

2. 1 Thessalonians 5:12–13

3. 1 Timothy 5:17–19

4. 1 Peter 5:5–6

5. Hebrews 13:7, 17, and 24

6. Limitations of Elder Authority

V. CHURCH DISCIPLINE

A. The Necessity and Categories Requiring Discipline

B. The Procedure for Church Discipline—Matthew 18:15–20

C. The Forms of Discipline

D. The Practice of Church Discipline

E. Attitudes in Church Discipline

F. The Effects of Church Discipline

VI. THE SABBATH AND SUNDAY

A. The Sabbath

1. From Adam to Moses

2. From Moses to Jesus

3. The Present Age

4. The Messianic Kingdom

B. Sunday

1. The Name

2. The Observance

3. No Command Regarding Sunday Observance

VII. THE MEETING OF THE CHURCH

VIII. THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE LOCAL CHURCH

A. The Principle of Subjection

B. The Principle of Silence

C. The Principle of Teaching

1. 1 Timothy 2:11–14

2. Titus 2:3–5

D. The Principle of the Headcovering

1. God Given Traditions—1 Corinthians 11:2

2. The Principle of Headship—1 Corinthians 11:3

3. The Application of the Doctrine—1 Corinthians 11:4–6

4. The Defense of the Doctrine—1 Corinthians 11:7–15

a. From Creation—1 Corinthians 11:7–12

b. From Nature—1 Corinthians 11:13–15

5. Conclusion: 1 Cortinthians 11:16

Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and in teaching.

1 Timothy 5:17