MBS191 The Remnant of Israel: Past, Present, and Future


MBS191 The Remnant of Israel: Past, Present, and Future

The doctrine of the Remnant of Israel means that there are always some who believe within the Jewish nation as a whole, and all those who believe constitute the Remnant of Israel.

Thus there are two Israels: Israel the Whole and Israel the Remnant. Ethnically, the two are the same, but spiritually, they are not. The Remnant at any point of history may be large or small, but there is never a time when it is non-existent, except immediately after the Rapture.

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By Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum



A. The Meaning

B. The Ramifications

C. The Concept


A. Elijah—1 Kings 16:29–19:18

1. The New Religious System—1 Kings 16

2. The Historical Event that Gave Rise to the Doctrine—1 Kings 17

3. The Divine Duel—1 Kings 18

4. The Experience of Elijah—1 Kings 19

a. The Flight of Elijah—1 Kings 19:1–8

b. Elijah’s First Complaint—1 Kings 19:9–10

c. God’s Response—1 Kings 19:11–13a

d. The Interpretation of the Revelation—1 Kings 19:13b–18

(1) Elijah’s Second Complaint—1 Kings 19:13b–14

(2) God’s Answer—1 Kings 19:15–18

B. The Book of Immanuel—Isaiah 7:1–12:6


A. 1 Peter 2:1–10

1. Introduction—1 Peter 1:1–2

2. The Spiritual State of the Remnant—1 Peter 2:1–3

3. The Stone of Stumbling and the Rock of Offence—1 Peter 2:4–10

a. The Messiah, the Living Stone—1 Peter 2:4

b. The Status of the Remnant—1 Peter 2:5

c. The Distinction Between the Remnant and the Non-Remnant—1 Peter 2:6–8

d. The Status of the Remnant—1 Peter 2:9–10

4. Summary

B. Romans 9:1–11:24

1. Introduction

a. The Place of Chapters 9, 10, and 11

b. The Three Questions

c. The Exposition of Romans 3:1–2a

2. The Theology of Israel’s Rejection—Romans 9:1–29

a. Paul’s Sorrow and Israel’s Privileges—Romans 9:1–5

b. Israel’s Rejection in Light of Biblical History—Romans 9:6–13

(1) The Two Israels—Romans 9:6

(2) The Two Illustrations: Romans 9:7–13

c. Israel’s Rejection in Light of Biblical Principles—Romans 9:14–29

(1) Is God Unrighteous? Romans 9:14–18

(2) Why Does God Still Find Fault? Romans 9:19–29

d. Summary

3. The Explanation of Israel’s Rejection—Romans 9:30–10:21

a. The Stumbling of the People—Romans 9:30–33

b. Israel’s Ignorance of the Channel of Salvation—Romans 10:1–11

(1) Paul’s Personal Desire—Romans 10:1–2

(2) The Distinction Between Legal Righteousness and Faith Righteousness—Romans 10:3–11

(a) Legal Righteousness—Romans 10:3–5

(b) Faith Righteousness—Romans 10:6–11

c. Israel’s Ignorance of the Universal Character of Salvation—Romans 10:12–13

d. Israel’s Ignorance of the Universal Preaching of the Gospel—Romans 10:14–21

4. The Consolation of Israel’s Rejection—Romans 11:1–24

a. The Rejection by Israel is Not Total—Romans 11:1–10

b. The Purpose of Israel’s Stumbling—Romans 11:11–15

c. The Olive Tree—Romans 11:16–24


A. The Remnant of Israel During the Tribulation

B. The Faithful Remnant

1. The Definition

2. The Fact of the Faithful Remnant—Isaiah 10:20–23

3. The Protection of the Faithful Remnant—Isaiah 41:8–16

4. The Provision for the Faithful Remnant

a. Isaiah 41:17–20

b. Isaiah 65:8–16

C. The Faithful Remnant and Israel’s National Salvation

1. Romans 11:25–36

2. The Contradiction and the Solution

D. The Faithful Remnant of Israel in the Messianic Kingdom

I say then, Did God cast off his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

Romans 11:1